Topic / `Focusing’ effects in
Linguistics and Psychology
l In Linguistics (Ariel, Gundel, much work in Prague) the
notion of `topic’ used in explanations of
`topic marking’ in languages like Japanese
zero pronominalization
l In Psychology, focus used to account for ambiguity
reduction effects and shorter reading times
The little puppy trod on the wasp.
The puppy was very upset.
?? It started to buzz furiously.